In a post pandemic world period poverty is having a harsher impact than ever before. As many struggle with the cost of living crisis, young people struggle to access basic essentials such as tampons and sanitary towels. While this may well have been apparent prior to COVID-19, it’s most certainly the case now.
There’s no doubt that the pandemic was difficult for everyone. However studies have shown that young people are disproportionately affected compared to other groups. In addition to the impact of COVID-19 on their mental health, they’ve had significant disturbances to education, their self-development an, now, their access to basic hygiene products.
But what exactly is period poverty? And why is it such a pressing concern?
What is meant by period poverty?
Period poverty refers to the absence of access to sanitary products used each month during menstruation. The best way to understand what period poverty is really about is to discuss the ‘toxic trio.’
In relation to the financial aspect of period poverty, governments have lately come under fire for tampon tax. This refers to the profits from the VAT charge of 5% applied to sanitary products. While this might be significantly less than the standard 20% VAT, there’s still dispute over whether we should be paying tax on these products at all.
Lack of education, and stigma around periods, sex and relationships.
In addition to government policies and financial strain, work must be done to dismantle the stigma surrounding menstruation. Work is also needed to educated young people about menstruation and a healthy reproductive system. Sadly, even in the 21st century many still don’t have access to such education.
As a result, young people across the world are growing up unable to afford essential items. Furthermore, they’re made to feel ashamed about their bodies and remain under-educated about menstruation and healthy reproductive systems.
While none of these alone are responsible for the rise in period poverty, they all have an indirect role to play.
What progress has been made and what’s still to be done?
In April twenty nineteen the UK Government announced its commitment to providing free sanitary products across England’s schools by early twenty twenty. The Children and Families Minister, Nadhim Zahawi, covered some of the key concerns for period poverty campaigners. She outlined the move as a step towards enabling young people to meet their full potential, while also leading happy, healthy lives.
The impact of school closures on period poverty and education.
The classroom is one of the key places for building an understanding of menstruation. The UK government has already announced plans to introduce a thorough curriculum on relationships, sex, and health education.
Due to school closures, many vulnerable young people will have missed out on essential parts of their education this year. One of the more concerning areas that they may have forgone is sexual education. As stated menstrual health education is vital, and many may have missed out due to the ongoing pandemic. Without proper menstrual education, young people will suffer more than necessary due to fear, confusion, and lack of knowledge about their period. They may also suffer at the hands of period stigma without the proper education to break the taboos. Many teenagers feel that there’s something wrong with their bodies and fall into the trap of feeling ashamed of menstruation.
With COVID-19 in mind, schools have had to adapt and find new ways to offer sex education to their pupils by moving to an online platform. Thankfully, the NSPCC has published resources, guidance, and training to aid teachers in these classes. Brook has also created an e-learning platform that offers free training to adults working or living with young people. They cover topics such as puberty, sex, relationships, and mental health.
Schools are also introducing relationship education to primary school students later in the year. Further education on relationships and sex will be compulsory in secondary schools also. Both changes are due to begin in September 2020, however this is uncertain due to the impact of COVID.
The Impact Of School Closures.
Overall we’ve made impressive progress over the last few years in regards to period products. The government has introduced free sanitary products in schools across England and Scotland. However, as a result of Covid-19 many of these are now closed or have been servicing a reduced number for the past few months.
With many young people relying on their schools to provide them with sanitary products (as well as menstruation education), the closures have made sourcing essential products more difficult than ever. One report found that 1 in 10 girls have found it difficult to access or afford period products during lockdown. A further 1 in 10 were worried about leaving the house for their daily exercise in case of leaking. This has been made more difficult for those who require organic cotton tampons for heavy periods as they can’t afford basic products, let alone those specific to their cycles.
How has Covid-19 impacted people’s finances?
Finally let’s discuss how the impact on finances caused by COVID contributes to period poverty. As of the 18th of May, the share of people financially impacted by Covid-19 reached 24%. Many businesses have faced turmoil, leaving a vast amount of employees unemployed or furloughed at a lower wage. In fact, as many as 1 in 5 UK workers have been furloughed since the outbreak of the pandemic.
Because of this, people are finding it more difficult than ever to source necessities, including sanitary products. Thankfully, charitable operations, have been working tirelessly throughout the Covid-19 crisis. After talking to volunteers at the West End Foodbank in Newcastle, we found out that companies (such as Morrisons) as well as individuals, have been generously donating sanitary products throughout the pandemic.
A similar organisation in Northern Ireland has also seen a boom in volunteer activity. They’ve worked throughout COVID-19 to supply homeless individuals with clean, safe sanitary products and hot water bottles.
Together, we can support food banks and other charities by learning which non-food donations are in demand, dropping off donations to our local food bank, or even volunteering there.
About the writer.
“An experienced and passionate writer, Delilah specializes in technology, travel, and culture. After acquiring an undergraduate degree in English Literature from the University of Leeds, she’s gone on to write for many online and print publications across different sectors.”